Missouri State Archives: Finding Aid 5.1

Mormon War Papers, 1837-1841

[ Full-text transcription of: Witness Maurice Phelps, a Mormon who was present at Crooked River Battle ]
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did not return, I fled & turned my head to

look & saw the man with his gun in a shooting

position & shortly after, while running I was shot

by him, & I made my way to Ray Cty.  Parley P

Pratt was in the battle_ Moses Rawlans one of

Capt. Bogarts men, & several of the mormons

was Killed in that battle, 5 of Bogarts company

including myself were wounded, and further

this deponent saith not_ C Wiatt Cravens

Maurice Phelps a witness produced Sworn and exe

amined for the State deposeth and Saith, that Parley, that Parley P

Pratt was in the Battle with Bogart, Darwin Chase

was one of the expedition but not in the battle Lyman Gibbs

was in the battle thinks Benjamin Jones was in the Battle

a Norman Shearer was also & wounded.  I was Called

upon by Charles C Rich to go down to Crooked River

to help releeve some Mormons prisoners who it was

said had been taken by a mob.  I first refused to go but

being threatened with force I consented to go we proceeded

to McDaniels field in Ray Cony. where we were comnond

ed to hitch our horses and we proceeded down to where

Capt Bogart was encamped myself in the extreme

rear the fight was brought on but I was not in it

On our return from the battle ground near log creek

timber in Caldwell Cony. we met Jos. Smith Jr Lyman

Wight & others who went to the wounded and pronounced blessings

on them & prayed for them to be healed & saved, when we started

from McDaniel field fences the only command given that I

heard was boys follow me given by commander by. I

have been in two daniete meetings the first I did not make

any exception to, & in the Second the following exception

=able was inculcated. “that we should take spoil or plun

=”der in some cases ”but it was Objected to and I have never

attended a danite meeting Since, the day before the mor

mons, went to Adam on diahmon  J. Smith Jr in an address

told an anecdote of a Dutchman who had been applead

to by a Capt to purchase Potatoes. & Rigdon in speaking

of dissenters who were unwilling  to fight mobs.  Said

that they ought to be pitched upon their horses with

pitchforks & Bayonets And forced into the front of the

battle & their property confiscated to the use of the army

the anecdote spoken of above about the dutchman was

told by Smith after Rigdon address and without any

application of it by him & further this deponent saith

not                                       Morris  Phelps

            John Corrill a witness produced sworn &

examined in behalf the State deposeth & saith that about last

June I was invited to a private meeting in which an ef

=fort was made to adopt some plan to get rid of the dis

=Senters. there were some things I did not like and opposed

it with others & it failed. after that I met Prest Rigdon.

& he told me I ought not to have any thing to do with it

that they would do as they pleased. I took his advise. I learned

afterwards that they had Secret meetings. but I was never

invited none of the 1st  Presidency was present at the meet

=ing above refered to , we have a rule in the church au

-thorizing any member to consecrate or give voluntarily

his suiplies property to the church for charitable purpo

=ses. Prest. Rigdon last Summer preached a Sermon

commonly called the Salt Sermon, which Seemed to have

for it’s object to produce a feeling among the people to

get rid of the dissenters for crimes alleged & because they

disagreed with them, in a few days there seemed considerable

excitement among the people. & the dissenters left. as I

adresed them, they were in danger. I was afterwards, invited

to one of those meetings where an oath in substance the

same as testified to by Dr Avard was administered. The

Society was ultimately organized into companies and

captains of tens & 50’s were appointed. I took exceptions

only (“so” crossed out) to the teachings as to the duties’ of that society where-

=in it was said if one brother got into any Kind of a dif

=ficulty it was the duty of the rest to help him out right or

wrong, at the Second or at least the last meeting I attended

the presidency to wit Jos. Smith Jr Hiram Smith & Sidney

Rigdon & also Geo W. Robertson was there, there was at this

meeting a ceremony of introducing the officers of the Socieity

to the presidency, who pronounced blessings on each of them

As introduced according to faithfulness in their Calling &

they should have blessings, after this Prest Smith got up &

made general remarks about in Substance as follows.  rela

-ting the oppussions the society had Suffered and they wanted to

be prepared for further events but said he wished to do nothing

unlawful & if the people would let him alone they would

preach the gospel & live in peace, towards the close he

observed to the people that they should obey the presi=