Missouri State Archives
What Archaeology Can Reveal About General Order No. 11
Ann M. Raab
Septemeber 22, 2011
47 minutes 13 seconds (47:13)
Archaeologist Ann Raab’s research in the Bates County area offers great potential for understanding not only the destructiveness of the Civil War era, but also how the survivors of General Order No.11 were able to recover. General Order No.11, issued by Brigadier-General Thomas Ewing of the Union Army, mandated the depopulation and suspension of civil rights for residents in four Missouri counties located along the Kansas border. Private property in the region was destroyed without hearing or compensation. Raab’s discussion of her archaeological excavation in Bates County provides a better understanding of this devastating historical event and the events which led to it.