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Missouri State Archives
Occupied Women and the American Civil War

Presented by:
LeeAnn Whites

Publish Date:
March 18, 2010

Presentation Length:
46 minutes 24 seconds (46:24)

In the spring of 1861, tens of thousands of young men formed military companies and offered to fight for their country. By the end of the Civil War, nearly half of the adult male population of the North and a staggering 90 percent of eligible white males in the South had joined the military. With their husbands, sons and fathers away, many women took on additional duties and faced alone the ordeal of having their homes occupied by enemy troops. During occupation, the home front and the battlefield merged to create an unanticipated second front where civilians, mainly women, resisted what they perceived as unjust domination. In Occupied Women, 12 distinguished historians consider how women's reactions to occupation affected both the strategies of military leaders and ultimately even the outcome of the Civil War. Contributor and editor LeeAnn Whites, examines the common experiences of occupied women and addresses the unique situations faced by women during the Civil War, both Union and Confederate.

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