Missouri State Archives
Joseph Washington McClurg, 1869-1871
Joseph Washington McClurg was born in St. Louis County, Missouri Territory, on February 22, 1818, to Joseph and Mary Brotherton McClurg and was raised in Ohio by his paternal grandparents. He attended Xenia Academy and Oxford (Ohio) College before relocating to Columbus, Texas, in 1839. Within two years, McClurg returned to Missouri, married and entered into business with his father-in-law, William Murphy.
He held strong Unionist views, and in 1861 McClurg organized the Osage Regiment of the Missouri Volunteers and the Hickory County Battalion for the U.S. Army. In retaliation, rebel sympathizers in Linn Creek burned his business twice.
He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1862 to 1865. McClurg was sworn in as the 19th Governor of Missouri on January 31, 1869, defeating Congressman John S. Phelps of Springfield. McClurg was known as being fiscally conservative. During his administration, the state debt was cut by half, the School of Mines and Metallurgy was established at Rolla, and the college of agriculture at the University of Missouri was created.
On December 2, 1900, Joseph Washington McClurg died at the home of his daughter, Frances McClurg Draper. He is buried in Lebanon City Cemetery, Laclede County, Missouri.
The records (1864-1871) of Governor Joseph Washington McClurg (1818-1900) include: appointment commissions; correspondence; legal opinions from the Missouri Attorney General; loyalty oaths; newspaper clippings; pardons; petitions (including petitions for pardons); Thanksgiving proclamations; resolutions; trial transcripts (including statements, depositions, and witness testimonies); committee and other reports; railroad statistics; and writs of election.
Rights and Reproductions
Copyright is in the public domain. Preferred citation: [Item description], [date]; Joseph Washington McClurg, 1869-1871; Office of Governor, Record Group 3.19; Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City.
How to Use This Collection
The official title lists dates of service from inauguration to end of term. Records (1864-1871) refer to the date range of materials included. All references to places are within the state of Missouri unless indicated, and county is specified when known. The spelling of proper names varies greatly. When correct spelling could not be determined the original spelling was retained. Officeholders are Missouri officials unless noted (U. S. Senator, U. S. Secretary of State, U. S. Attorney General, U. S. Supreme Court, and etcetera). State Representatives are referred to as Representative. U. S. Representatives are noted with the title Congressman. Scanned images shown are the best available.
The collection finding aid provides information pertaining to additional McClurg material held by the following institutions:
- Nesbitt Memorial Library, Columbus, Texas;
- State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia
- State Historical Society of Missouri-Columbia, University of Missouri.