Missouri Digital Heritage :: Collections :: John Sappington Marmaduke, 1885-1887

Missouri State Archives
John Sappington Marmaduke, 1885-1887

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Letter from John Fray


John Sappington Marmaduke was born on March 14, 1833 near Arrow Rock, Missouri, to Meredith Miles Marmaduke and Lavinia Sappington. Marmaduke attended Masonic College in Lexington, Missouri; Yale College; and Harvard College before his appointment to the U. S. Military Academy. After graduating from West Point in 1857, Marmaduke served in Utah and in New Mexico. He resigned his commission in 1861 and returned to Missouri. Commissioned a colonel in the Confederate Army, Marmaduke was wounded during the Battle of Shiloh after which he was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Theater and saw action in Arkansas, Missouri, and Tennessee. Marmaduke was captured October 23, 1864 during the Battle of Westport and spent the remainder of the war at Fort Warren, Massachusetts. He was released in 1865. Returning to Missouri, Marmaduke served on the State Board of Agriculture (1873-1874) and on the Missouri Railroad Commission (1875-1880). He lost the 1880 Democratic gubernatorial nomination to Thomas Theodore Crittenden before winning the nomination in 1884. John Sappington Marmaduke was sworn in as Missouriís 25th governor on January 12, 1885. His term as governor was marked by a series of railroad strikes and labor disputes with the Knights of Labor, which were successfully resolved without bloodshed in 1885. During his administration, pay and provisions were increased for the Missouri State Militia; a third insane asylum was established in Vernon County; and the General Assembly passed local option legislation in 1887 allowing counties to decide on prohibition. In 1885, an outbreak of lung plague in the cattle herds at the Missouri State Hospital in Fulton spread to other herds in Callaway County. Marmaduke urged cattle breeders to slaughter the infected herds and the disease was eradicated. He died in office of pneumonia on December 28, 1887 and is interred at Woodland Cemetery in Jefferson City, Cole County.

The Collection

Records (1880-1887) of Governor John Sappington Marmaduke (1833-1887) include appointments, commissions, correspondence, extradition orders and requests, invitations, land abstracts, newspaper clippings, pardon requests, petitions, proposals, resignations, and reports. The collection also contains court documents including affidavits, certifications, depositions, grand jury indictments, and witness testimonies.

Rights and Reproductions

Copyright is in the public domain. Preferred citation: [Item description], [date]; John Sappington Marmaduke, 1885-1887; Office of Governor, Record Group 3.25; Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City.

How to Use This Collection:

The official title lists dates of service from inauguration to end of term. Records (1880-1887) refer to the date range of materials included within the collection. All references to places are within the state of Missouri unless indicated, and county is specified when known. The spelling of proper names varies greatly. When correct spelling could not be determined the original spelling was retained. Officeholders are Missouri officials unless noted (U. S. Senator, U. S. Secretary of State). State Representatives are referred to as Representative. U. S. Representatives are noted with the title Congressman. Scanned images shown are the best available.

Additional Resources:

The collection finding aid provides detailed lists of additional Marmaduke materials at the following institutions: Columbia University, New York; Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford; Kansas City Public Library; Library of Congress, Washington D.C.; Missouri History Museum, St. Louis; Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla; The State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia; University of Arkansas, Fayetteville; University of Iowa, Iowa City; and the University of Texas, Austin.

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