Missouri State Archives
Hancock Lee Jackson, 1857
Hancock Lee Jackson was born near Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky, on May 12, 1796, to John and Mary Forest Hancock. Hancock married Ursula Oldham in the spring of 1821. The couple moved to Howard County, Missouri, shortly thereafter. In 1829, the couple moved to Randolph County where they raised eleven children. Jackson was elected as the county's first sheriff and as a delegate to the 1845 Missouri Constitutional Convention.
Following the onset of the Mexican War in 1846, Jackson raised a company of Missouri volunteers and served as its captain. The unit fought under the command of Brigadier General Sterling Price during campaigns in Taos and the Moreau Valley in New Mexico.
Jackson was elected to the Missouri Senate in 1850, serving from 1851 to 1855. Allied with the pro-Southern, pro-slavery, and states' rights wing of the Missouri Democratic Party, Jackson ran for lieutenant governor in 1856 on the ticket with Trusten W. Polk. When Governor Polk resigned on February 27, 1857 to accept a seat in the U. S. Senate, Jackson assumed office as acting governor. In an August special election to choose a new governor, Robert Marcellus Stewart was elected. Governor Jackson's term expired on October 22, 1857, when Stewart took the oath of office.
Jackson ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for Governor in 1860 against his cousin, Claiborne Fox Jackson. In 1860, President James Buchanan appointed the former governor as U. S. Marshal for the western district of Missouri. Jackson resigned his post upon the election of President Abraham Lincoln and returned to private life. In 1865, Governor Jackson moved to Salem, Oregon, where he died on March 19, 1876. He is buried in the Pioneer Cemetery.
The Records (1856-1857) of Governor Hancock Lee Jackson (1796-1876) include correspondence and petitions related to appointments, criminal cases, elections, extraditions, pardons, railroads, and swamp lands.
Rights and Reproductions
Copyright is in the public domain. Preferred Citation: (Item description), (date); Hancock Lee Jackson, 1857; Office of Governor, Record Group 3.13; Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City.
How to Use This Collection
The official title lists dates of service from inauguration to end of term. Records refer to the date range of materials included within the collection. All references to places are within the state of Missouri unless indicated, and county is specified when known. The spelling of proper names varies greatly. When correct spelling could not be determined the original spelling was retained. Officeholders are Missouri officials unless noted (U. S. Senator, U. S. Secretary of State, U. S. Attorney General, U. S. Supreme Court, and etcetera). State Representatives are referred to as Representative. U. S. Representatives are noted with the title Congressman. Much of the correspondence is written on note- sized stationary. Scanned images shown are the best available.
The collection finding aid provides information pertaining to additional Jackson material held by the New York Historical Society Archives , New York City and the State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.