Missouri Digital Heritage :: Collections :: Charles Henry Hardin, 1875-1877

Missouri State Archives
Charles Henry Hardin, 1875-1877

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Charles Henry Hardin, 1875-1877


Charles Henry Hardin was born in Trimble County, Kentucky on July 15, 1820 to Charles and Mary Jewell Hardin. Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Franklin, Howard County, Missouri before settling in Columbia, Boone County. After graduation from the University of Miami, Ohio, Hardin returned to Columbia, was admitted to the Missouri Bar in 1843, and opened a law practice in Fulton, Callaway County. He married Mary Barr Jenkins in Columbia on May 16, 1844. They had no children. Hardin served three terms (1852-1860) in the Missouri House from Callaway County and in 1860 was elected to the Missouri Senate. In October 1861, Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson called a legislative meeting in Neosho, Newton County, hoping to force secession. Although Hardin voted against secession, he was viewed by colleagues as sympathizing with the South for attending. In 1862, office holders (including Hardin) considered southern sympathizers were removed from office and disenfranchised. After the war, the family moved to Mexico in Audrain County where Hardin farmed and practiced law. In 1873, Audrain County Female Seminary was renamed Hardin Female College in the governor's honor. Hardin was chosen in 1874 as the Democratic gubernatorial nominee by the slimmest margin in Missouri history. 159 votes were required; Hardin received 159 1/6. After defeating William Gentry in the general election, Hardin was sworn in as Missouriís 22nd Governor on January 12, 1875. Missouri was burdened with enormous debt as the result of Civil War expenditures and attempts to aid railroad construction. Governor Hardin economized state spending, refused to assume county war debts, and reduced state indebtedness by over $600,000. At the conclusion of his term, Governor Hardin returned to private life. He died on July 29, 1892 and was buried in Audrain County. In 1893, his remains were reinterred in the Jewell Family Cemetery, Columbia.

The Collection

The records (1863-1877) of Governor Charles Henry Hardin (1820-1892) include applications, affidavits, arrest warrants, bills and invoices, business cards, certifications, commissions, correspondence and drafts, court proceedings, depositions, extradition requisitions, handbills, indictments, invitations, ledger sheets, lists, newspaper clippings, notes and memoranda, pardons, petitions, post cards, proclamations, questionnaires, reports, resolutions, statements, and testimonies.

Rights and Reproductions

Copyright is in the public domain. Preferred citation: (Item description), (date); Charles Henry Hardin, 1875-1877; Office of Governor, Record Group 3.22; Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City.

How to Use This Collection:

The official title lists dates of service from inauguration to end of term. Records (1863-1877) refer to the date range of materials included within the collection. All references to places are within the state of Missouri unless indicated, and county is specified when known. The spelling of proper names varies greatly. When correct spelling could not be determined the original spelling was retained. Officeholders are Missouri officials unless noted (U. S. Senator or U. S. Secretary of State). State Representatives are referred to as Representative. U. S. Representatives are noted with the title Congressman. Scanned images shown are the best available.

Additional Resources

The collection finding aid PDF file provides information pertaining to additional Hardin material held by the following institutions: Missouri Valley Special Collections, Kansas City Public Library; Missouri State Archives, Jefferson City; and the State Historical Society of Missouri, Columbia.

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